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Across Sub-Saharan Africa, more women are infected with HIV than men, with 13 women infected for every 10 infected men. Throughout the region, women are being infected with HIV at earlier ages than men.The differences in infection levels between women and men are most pronounced among young people (aged 15–24 years).The national HIV prevalence levels in East Asia is 0.1% in the adult (15–49) group.However, due to the large populations of many East Asian nations, this low national HIV prevalence still means that large numbers of people are infected with HIV. Much of the current spread of HIV in China is through injecting drug use and paid sex.Even at the country level, there are wide variations in infection levels between different areas.The number of people infected with HIV continues to rise in most parts of the world, despite the implementation of prevention strategies, Sub-Saharan Africa being by far the worst-affected region, with an estimated 22.9 million at the end of 2010, 68% of the global total. HIV infection is becoming endemic in sub-Saharan Africa, which is home to just over 12% of the world’s population but two-thirds of all people infected with HIV.On the other hand, Uganda, Zambia, Senegal, and most recently Botswana have begun intervention and educational measures to slow the spread of HIV, and Uganda has succeeded in actually reducing its HIV infection rate.
The pandemic is not homogeneous within regions, with some countries more afflicted than others.
Among young people 15–24 years of age, 0.3% of women [0.1–0.8%] and 0.17% of men [0.1–0.3%] were living with HIV infection by the end of 2004.
Approximately 500,000 people are living with HIV in the MENA region.
This number is estimated at 470,000 (350,000–570,000) without Afghanistan and Pakistan (which are not considered by UNAIDS geographic definition as part of MENA region), and reaches 580,000 (430,000–810,000) if Pakistan and Afghanistan are included.
The HIV prevalence rate in South and South-East Asia is less than 0.35 percent, with total of 4.2 – 4.7 million adults and children infected.